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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4-7

A retrospective study at a tertiary care center in North India: Epidemiological, clinical characteristics and comorbidities among deceased patients with COVID 19 infection

Department of Medicine, MLNMC, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Siddhartha Pandey
Room No 205 PG Boys Hostel, Swaroop Rani Hospital, Prayagraj - 211 002, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/upjimi.upjimi_3_21

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BACKGROUND AND AIM: To describe epidemiological, clinical characteristics and comorbidities among deceased patients with COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study among deceased patients with COVID-19 infection at SRN Hospital MLN Medical College a Tertiary Care Centre for COVID 19, Prayagraj (U. P) India. The study included patients who succumbed to COVID-19 between May 5, 2020 and February 8, 2021. RESULTS: A total of 497 patients were taken in the study. Mean age was 59.07 years with majority of them being males 350 (71%) and 147 (29%) females. The mean duration of illness was 5.9 days. The most common symptoms were breathlessness 472 (94.9%) and fever 383 (77%). Diabetes (48%) and hypertension (42%) were the most common comorbidities among the deceased. At the time of presentation, 328 (66%) patients had heart rate >100/min and 461 (92.8%) patients had respiratory rate >24/min. Mean oxygen saturation was 69%. The mean duration of hospitalisation is 4.7 days. CONCLUSION: Majority of the patients who contracted the illness and died due to COVID-19 were elderly, males with diabetes and hypertension. At the time of presentation, the majority had respiratory distress of acute onset. Elderly population with comorbidities are more prone to disease and have higher chances of respiratory failure and death.

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